UPDATE: (May 15, 2019, 3:50 p.m.) -- The Wasatch County Health Department has identified a suspected case of mumps in a fully-immunized student at Old Mill Elementary School.
A news release said the mumps case occurred between May 6-13, 2019. Wasatch County School District’s Health Services Department was notified by the parents of the student’s situation on Wednesday.
The district nurse collaborated with the health department to determine the status of the case and the appropriate actions to take. Based on criteria established by the Utah Department of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the health department classified this as a suspected case of mumps.
An unvaccinated individual in Utah County was diagnosed with the mumps, according to a press release by the Utah County Health Department.
The adult's identity will not be released and the department is investigating the case.
Symptoms of the virus usually appear 16 to 18 days after the person came in contact with the virus. It can also range from 12 to 25 days.
Mumps is a highly contagious viral disease that causes fever, headaches and swelling of the salivary glands. Other symptoms include low-grade fever, fatigue, muscle aches and loss of appetite.
The health department stated serious complications within the body can be caused by mumps. These include swelling of the testicles in men, inflammation of the brain or membrane covering the spinal cord, inflammation of the ovaries in women, loss of pregnancy and permanent hearing loss.
There is no specific treatment for the mumps, the department stated in a press release. However, people are encouraged to get vaccinated with two doses of the MMR vaccine.
“Mumps can be prevented through vaccination. Individuals should review their medical records and ensure they are up to date on all vaccines including two doses of the MMR vaccine, which protects against mumps," Dr. David Flinders, Medical Director for UCHD, stated in a press release.
To help reduce the risk of mumps, the health department recommends people take these simple precautions:
- Do not share food, drinks, water bottles, utensils or other personal items that may contain saliva.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Wash your hands before eating or before touching your mouth.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you sneeze or cough. If a tissue is not available, sneeze or cough into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands.
- Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that may be contaminated with germs. Clean and disinfect communal surfaces frequently.
- Get vaccinated with two doses of MMR vaccine if you haven't already.
- People who get mumps should stay home for five days after onset of symptoms and limit contact with others in their household
This isn't the first time a mumps case has appeared in Utah.
Unvaccinated students in Sanpete County were not allowed to go to school for a time in April while the health department was investigating a series of mumps cases.
Back in January, an elementary school student in St. George was diagnosed with the virus.
According to a new medical study, Salt Lake City and Provo are included in the highest pockets of vulnerability in the nation for childhood diseases.
In opposition to vaccines that have increased in the U.S., preventable disease outbreaks have also increased, putting children at risk--especially in states like Utah were non-medical exemptions to vaccines are allowed. The study shows that there are a higher number of cases reported in the 12 to 18 states that allow non-medical vaccines exemptions.